Categories are essential, as they enable you to group equivalent products. This helps customers find their way through the variety of your catalog, and narrow down their search when looking for a specific type of product. Categories also make it easy for customers to find and compare them (thanks to PrestaShop's product comparison feature).
You should create a new category from the moment you have at least two products with equivalent attributes. Products in a category should be comparable, if not interchangeable. Keep this idea in mind when adding new products and creating new categories.
Categories are managed in the "Categories" page of the "Catalog" menu.
This page displays a table with the currently existing categories, with the main information displayed, namely the category ID (its unique number, the name of the category, its description, its position and whether or not it is displayed).
Creating a category
All the categories you create are actually sub-categories of the "Home" category.
To create a new category, click on the "Add new category" button from any level of categories.
Don’t forget to translate your categories:
Make sure to translate each field in every language that your shop supports. In order to do that, click on the flag icon next to the field, and choose the flag corresponding to the language in which you wish to edit the text.
First of all, you must enter a set of general information:
Name: Give your category a name. Make it very short and descriptive, and choose your words wisely: your customers will rely on it when browsing your shop.
Displayed: Indicate if it is "displayed" (i.e. whether or not it will be available to your visitors). For example, you may want to postpone displaying a new category until all of its products have been added.
Parent category: Does not appear when creating a root category. If you wish to create a subcategory belonging to a category other than the home page, choose the category under which it will appear.
Description: You should fill in this field, because not only it will be useful to you or your employees, but some themes might also make use of it, displaying it to your customers.
Image: Click on "Add file" to upload an image from your computer which will represent this category.
Meta title: The title that will appear in search engines when a request is made by a customer.
Meta description: A presentation of the site in just a few lines, intended to capture a customer's interest. This will appear in search results.
Meta Keywords: Keywords that you must define in order to have your site referenced by search engines. You can enter several of them, separated by commas, as well as expressions, which must be indicated in quotation marks.
Friendly URL: Enables you to rewrite the addresses of your categories as you wish. For example, instead of having an address such as http://www.example.com/category.php?id_category=3, you can have http://www.example.com/123-name-of-the-category. In this case, all you would need to do is indicate in the field marked "Friendly URL" the words that you wish to see appear instead of "name-of-the-category" separated by dashes.
Group access: Restricts access to the category and its products to certain shoppers. To see these categories, your shoppers must belong to a user group. Check out the groups functions in the "Customers" tab for more information. Once you have finished configuring your category, save it. You can then start putting products into it.
If you want to edit a category, just click on "Edit" to the right of the category you want to edit. If your category includes subcategories, the "View" button must appear. In this case, click on the small arrow to see the "Edit" function.